Best practices Empowerment and Recovery
The „Best Practices Empowerment and Recovery“ and „Best Practices Teaching and Learning“ are the base upon which the Empowerment College will be developed. These collections of „Best Practices“ show the experience which each partner brings into the project.
All 6 countries have a shared understanding of the meaning of Recovery that are probably best summarised in the WHO definition given in their Mental Health Action Plan (2013):
…. “From the perspective of the individual, recovery means gaining and retaining hope, understanding of ones abilities and disabilities, engagement in an active life, personal autonomy, social identity, meaning and purpose in life and a positive sense of self. Recovery is not synonymous with cure…..
…The core service requirements include: listening and responding to individuals‘ understanding of their condition and what helps them to recover; working with people as equal partners in their care; offering choice of treatment and therapies, and in terms of who provides care; and the use of peer workers and supports, who provide each other with encouragement and a sense of belonging, in addition to their expertise”. WHO Mental Health Action Plan (2013)
Empowerment was seen to be closely linked to recovery but taking a less individualist approach. It encompasses the political, social and cultural action necessary for personal recovery so according a role not only to the individual, but to their communities as well. This is well summarized by WHO Health Promotion Glossaray (1998):
“Empowerment may be a social, cultural, psychological or political process through which individuals and social groups are able to express their needs, present their concerns, devise strategies for involvement in decision-making, and achieve political, social and cultural action to meet those needs. Through such a process people see a closer correspondence between their goals in life and a sense of how to achieve them, and a relationship between their efforts and life outcomes.
A distinction is made between individual and community empowerment. Individual empowerment refers primarily to the individuals’ ability to make decisions and have control over their personal life. Community empowerment involves individuals acting collectively to gain greater influence and control over the determinants of health and the quality of life in their community, and is an important goal in community action for health. (WHO Health Promotion Glossary, 1998)
The following are examples of the „Best practice(s) Empowerment and Recovery“: